Fri Mar 11, 2011
Subject: HAARP Evidence Behind Japan Quakes
BP wants to drill again!
Illuminati moving to underground bases!
CFR losing info wars:
HAARP/NEW ZEALAND (Notice the same cloud was over Japan)
HAARP New Madrid fault line red flag event:
Phosgene Gas Information:
(It is now being tested in the air quality reports thanks to Colleen)
Facts about Phosgene Gas.by Sam Mugzzi on Sunday, March 6, 2011 at 2:35pm
Phosgene is the chemical compound with the formula COCl2. This colorless gas gained infamy as a chemical weapon during World War I. It is also a valued industrial reagent and building block in synthesis of pharmaceuticals and other organic compounds. In low concentrations, its odor resembles freshly cut hay or grass. Some soldiers during the First World War stated that it smelled faintly of mayblossom. In addition to its industrial production, small amounts occur naturally from the breakdown and the combustion of organochlorine compounds, such as those used in refrigeration systems. The name, sounding similar to "phosphine", does not mean it has any phosphorus. The chemical was named by combining the Greek words ‘phos’ (meaning light) and genesis (birth).
- 1 Structure and basic properties
- 2 Production
- 2.1 Adventitious occurrence
- 3 Uses
- 3.1 Organic synthesis
- 3.1.1 Synthesis of carbonates
- 3.1.2 Synthesis of isocyanates
- 3.1.3 Synthesis of acid chlorides
- 3.2 Inorganic chemistry
- 4 History
- 4.1 Chemical warfare
- 5 Safety
- 6 References
- 7 External links
 Structure and basic properties
Phosgene is a planar molecule as predicted by VSEPR theory. The C=O distance is 1.18 Å, the C—Cl distance is 1.74 Å and the Cl—C—Cl angle is 111.8°. It is one of the simplest acid chlorides, being formally derived from carbonic acid.
Industrially, phosgene is produced by passing purified carbon monoxide and chlorine gas through a bed of porous activated carbon, which serves as a catalyst:
CO + Cl2 → COCl2 (ΔHrxn = −107.6kJ/mol)
The reaction is exothermic, therefore the reactor must be cooled. Typically, the reaction is conducted between 50 and 150 °C. Above 200 °C, phosgene reverts to carbon monoxide and chlorine, Keq (300K) = 0.05. Approximately 5000 tonnes were produced in 1989.
Because of safety issues, phosgene is almost always produced and consumed within the same plant and extraordinary measures are made to contain this toxic gas. It is listed on schedule 3 of the Chemical Weapons Convention: All production sites manufacturing more than 30 tonnes per year must be declared to the OPCW. Although less dangerous than many other chemical weapons, such as sarin, phosgene is still regarded as a viable chemical warfare agent because it is so easy to manufacture when compared to the production requirements of more technically advanced chemical weapons such as the first-generation nerve agent tabun.
 Adventitious occurrence
Upon ultraviolet radiation in the presence of oxygen, chloroform slowly converts into phosgene via a radical reaction. To suppress this photodegradation, chloroform is often stored in brown-tinted glass containers. Chlorinated compounds used to remove oils from metals, such as brake cleaner, are converted to phosgene by the UV rays of arc welding processes.
Phosgene may also be produced during testing for leaks of older-style refrigerant gasses. Chloromethanes (R12, R22 and others) were formerly leak-tested in situ by employing a small gas torch (propane, butane or propylene gas) with a sniffer tube and a copper reaction plate in the flame nozzle of the torch. If any refrigerant gas was leaking from a pipe or joint, the gas would be sucked into the flame via the sniffer tube and would cause a colour change of the gas flame to a bright greenish blue. In the process, phosgene gas would be created due to the thermal reaction. No valid statistics are available, but anecdotal reports suggest that numerous refrigeration technicians suffered the effects of phosgene poisoning due to their ignorance of the toxicity of phosgene, produced during such leak testing. Electronic sensing of refrigerant gasses phased out the use of flame testing for leaks in the 1980s.
The great majority of phosgene is used in the production of isocyanates, the most important being toluene diisocyanate (TDI) and methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI). These isocyanates are precursors to polyurethanes. Significant amounts are also used in the production of polycarbonates via its reaction with bisphenol A. Polycarbonates are an important class of engineering thermoplastic found, for example, in lenses in eye glasses.
 Organic synthesis
Although phosgene still finds use in organic synthesis, a variety of substitutes have been developed, notably trichloromethyl chloroformate (“diphosgene”), which is a liquid at room temperature, and bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate (“triphosgene”), a crystalline substance. The following are the three most useful reactions involving phosgene.
 Synthesis of carbonates
Diols react with phosgene to give either linear or cyclic carbonates (R = H, alkyl, aryl):
HOCR2-X-CR2OH + COCl2 → 1/n [OCR2-X-CR2OC(O)-]n + 2 HCl
 Synthesis of isocyanates
The synthesis of isocyanates from amines illustrates the electrophilic character of this reagent and its use in introducing the equivalent of "CO2+" (R = alkyl, aryl): 
RNH2 + COCl2 → RN=C=O + 2 HCl
Such reactions are conducted in the presence of a base such as pyridine that absorbs the hydrogen chloride.
 Synthesis of acid chlorides
It is also used to produce acid chlorides and carbon dioxide from carboxylic acids:
RCO2H + COCl2 → RC(O)Cl + HCl + CO2
Such acid chlorides react with amines and alcohols to give, respectively, amides and esters, which are commonly used intermediates. Thionyl chloride is more commonly and more safely employed for this application. A specific application for phosgene is the production of chloroformic esters:
ROH + COCl2 → ROC(O)Cl + HCl
 Inorganic chemistry
Although it is somewhat hydrophobic, phosgene reacts with water to release hydrogen chloride and carbon dioxide:
COCl2 + H2O → CO2 + 2 HCl
Analogously, with ammonia, one obtains urea:
COCl2 + 4 NH3 → CO(NH2)2 + 2 NH4Cl
Halide exchange with nitrogen trifluoride and aluminium tribromide gives COF2 and COBr2, respectively.
Phosgene was synthesized by the chemist John Davy (1790–1868) in 1812 by exposing a mixture of carbon monoxide and chlorine to sunlight. He named it in reference to use of light to promote the reaction; from Greek, phos (light) and gene (born). It gradually became important in the chemical industry as the 19th century progressed, particularly in dye manufacturing.
 Chemical warfare
Further information: Use of poison gas in World War I and Second Italo-Abyssinian War
Following the extensive use of phosgene gas in combat during World War I, it was stockpiled by various countries as part of their secret chemical weapons programs.
Phosgene was then only frequently used by the Imperial Japanese Army against the Chinese during the Second Sino-Japanese War. Gas weapons, such as phosgene, were produced by Unit 731 and authorized by specific orders given by Hirohito (Emperor Showa) himself, transmitted by the chief of staff of the army. For example, the Emperor authorized the use of toxic gas on 375 separate occasions during the battle of Wuhan from August to October 1938.
Phosgene is an insidious poison as the odor may not be noticed and symptoms may be slow to appear. Phosgene can be detected at 0.4 ppm, which is four times the Threshold Limit Value. Its high toxicity arises by the action of the phosgene on the proteins in the pulmonary alveoli, which are the site of gas exchange: Their damage disrupts the blood-air barrier, causing suffocation. It reacts with the amines of the proteins, causing crosslinking via formation of urea-like linkages, in accord with the reactions discussed above. Phosgene detection badges are worn by those at risk of exposure.
Sodium bicarbonate may be used to neutralise liquid spills of phosgene. Gaseous spills may be mitigated with ammonia.
- ^ Merck Index, 11th Edition, 7310.
- ^ a b c d e Wolfgang Schneider and Werner Diller "Phosgene" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2002. doi: 10.1002/14356007.a19_411.
- ^ Nakata, M.; Kohata, K.; Fukuyama, T.; Kuchitsu, K. (1980). "Molecular Structure of Phosgene as Studied by Gas Electron Diffraction and Microwave Spectroscopy. The rz Structure and Isotope Effect". Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy 83: 105–117. doi:10.1016/0022-2852(80)90314-8.
- ^ Annex on Implementation and Verification ("Verification Annex")
- ^ Hamley, P. "Phosgene" Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis, 2001 John Wiley, New York. doi: 10.1002/047084289X.rp149
- ^ R. L. Shriner, W. H. Horne, and R. F. B. Cox (1943), "p-Nitrophenyl Isocyanate", Org. Synth., http://www.orgsyn.org/orgsyn/orgsyn/prepContent.asp?prep=CV2P0453 ; Coll. Vol. 2: 453
- ^ John Davy (1812). "On a Gaseous Compound of Carbonic Oxide and Chlorine". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 102: 144–151. doi:10.1098/rstl.1812.0008. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0261-0523%281812%29102%3C144%3AOAGCOC%3E2.0.CO%3B2-1.
- ^ Base's phantom war reveals its secrets, Lithgow Mercury, 7/08/2008
- ^ Chemical warfare left its legacy, Lithgow Mercury, 9/09/2008
- ^ Chemical bombs sit metres from Lithgow families for 60 years, The Daily Telegraph, September 22, 2008
- ^ Yuki Tanaka, Poison Gas, the Story Japan Would Like to Forget, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, October 1988, p. 16-17
- ^ Y. Yoshimi and S. Matsuno, Dokugasusen Kankei Shiryô II, Kaisetsu, Jugonen Sensô Gokuhi Shiryoshu, 1997, p.27-29
- ^ Borak J., Diller W. F. (2001). "Phosgene exposure: mechanisms of injury and treatment strategies". Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 43 (2): 110–9. doi:10.1097/00043764-200102000-00008. PMID 11227628.
- ^ "Phosgene: Health and Safety Guide". International Programme on Chemical Safety. 1998. http://www.inchem.org/documents/hsg/hsg/hsg106.htm.
 External links
- Davy's account of his discovery of phosgene
- International Chemical Safety Card 0007
- NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards
- U.S. CDC Emergency Preparedness & Response
- U.S. EPA Acute Exposure Guideline Levels
- Regime For Schedule 3 Chemicals And Facilities Related To Such Chemicals, OPCW website
- CBWInfo website
- Use of Phosgene in WWII and in modern-day warfare (Refer to Section 4.C of the article)
- An experience with accidental poisoning by heated tetrachlorethylene solvent
Plastics made from Phosgene!
if you have inhaled Phosgene gas two things to stay away from immediately. The first is heat. Any room or environment at 70 degrees or above will activate the gas. Two, chlorine. Any chlorine substance will also activate the Phosgene gas. Watch your cleansing agents and I highly recommend taking them all out of the house and storing them in the garage.
1. Stop that cough. There are two types of coughs with this poison. One will be under attack as it is activated and the person is trying to breath. It is important to stop this cough because it can cause heart attacks, lung tissue damage, high blood pressures, major head aches and lack of oxygen.
The best thing for this cough is coffee and hot chili powder or hot sauce. It will sooth the cough instantly and allow the person to breath and calm down. Keep a cup by the side of the person at all times until the coughing has lifted. Coffee helps the bronchus tubes and relaxes them as well.
If the person is dealing with high blood pressure after drinking coffee for the first hour, switch to tea or tomato juice. Just make sure you have fresh cayenne pepper or some type of hot spicy flavoring in the drink.
2. Second type of cough is to get the yellow sticky poison out of the system.
This will be a must but do not let them get away with coughing too much. They can pull a muscle and really strain their body. A little bit at a time is good. Keep an eye on how much they are coughing up and what color the discharge is. Yellow is the poison and it will start to turn white.
Now that you have gotten the person to calm down with the coughing and they can breath comfortably, now is the time to give them a good shower. Scrub them down from head to toe to make sure you get off all residual Phosgene. Wash thoroughly with lots of soap and water. It is also a good idea to run some cool warm water of the face as well. Make sure the water is not too hot or you will activate the Phosgene again. The 70 degrees is too much so all things water, air, environment must stay below this mile marker or else you will start the process all over again.
3. In order to get rid of the Phosgene from the system take:
a. sodium bicarbonate pills, 4, and put 2 in a big glass of water for the person to drink. (baking soda)
b. Magnesium take 3 every 4 hours. Helps to alkaline the body.
c. Vitamin D3, take 10 1,000 IU.
d. Vitamin B complex with a C added.
e. Kelp, chorrela, or blue green algae; alkaline.
f. Vitamin E, detoxes.
g. Apple Cider Vinegar, detoxes
No sugar if you can help it. Sugar will feed the Phosgene. No potatoes, carrots, beats, rice, bread, and sugar products. Have a diet rich in raw greed foods like spinach salads, oatmeal, and broccoli.
Please eat a lot of apple stuff due to it absorbing the Phosgene. Apple juices is great.
A daily bath in coffee, apple cider vinegar, baking soda, and sea salt is great to pull this stuff out of the body so you do not have to cough it up. After about a 30 minute bath you will need to shower off and make sure you got all the poison off your skin. This is really important since you will break out in a red rash that itches a lot, if you don't.
6. Rub Down
Peppermint oil is a great thing to put on the back and chest to calm the respiratory. If you still had poisons in this area it will be pulled out through the pores and you will end up with sticky stuff on you. if this occurs, take a shower immediately and get the poison off of you and then re-rub down with the peppermint oil. It is better to pull the poison out through the skin then to keep coughing.
If the person has a rating of 89 or below with the oxygen meter or lacks oxygen you can order an oxygen tank to help increase the flow of oxygen. It is not that expensive and a great way to have a safety net if you are concerned with the lack of breathing air capacity.
If you have to go outside it is a good idea to put a water soluble ointment in your nose. Rub some KY jelly, neosporum or vasiline in your nose if you have to go out for long periods of time. Also, create a nose spray of purified water and two drops of oregano oil in the bottle and spray with outside or coming in. If your nose is burnng, then you know you have an infection of some type. This solution will not burn if you do not have an infection. It will help to loosen up a congested nose and keep the nostrils free of synthetic viruses and more.
The only way you will know if you have ingested Phosgene is your eyes will burn, nose gets attacked first and can't breath through your nose, then the bronchus tubes get inflamed and actually will shut down and then the lungs get hit and fill with a liquid which will give the impression of pneumonia.
The person will have anemia, high blood pressure, spasms in the chest area, and difficult breathing.
Phosgene is an acid, therefore will not be able to pick up on test. You can have a prick test done that will show your clot time has decreased. That is the only way to test for phosgene and why it is so difficult to be noticed by the medical industry.
Focus on eating detox foods. High green dark in color will help to put more oxygen into the blood stream. Rubbing the body down with Vitamin E oil helps to detox and keep the skin hydrated. There are lots of home remedies to do that can detox the body inexpensively. Remember, the Poison Control Reports not one single person has died from supplements, herbs, or vitamins.
When battling Phosgene exposure it is bet to try your home remedies first since you do not want to put more chemicals on top of the chemicals. If you do all the above your patient should be back to normal in about 4 days time. The first 48 hours you will not know you have been exposed but then the massive coughing attacks will be brought on quickly.
11. Hospital Care
if you patient is dizzy, disoriented and vomiting go to the hospital and report possible Phosgene poisoning. Do not mess around with this stuff. It will kill if you get enough of it. In addition, if your patient is lacking and unable to breath; go to the hospital and report possible phosgene poisoning.
I would also take some articles from your area showing Air Quality Reports of phosgene traces. You can also print out John Wheeler III death, bye bye black bird and other lab reports now surfacing that say, "Absolute Proof Phosgene". Trust me, the doctors and nurses will take you seriously.
Hope this helps and please stay safe. You are your best weapon against this crime and you do not need to be a victim. Teach others so they are armed with the knowledge as well.
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